Introduction The word eugenics from the Greek eugenes or wellborn was coined in by Francis Galton, an Englishman and cousin of Charles Darwin, who applied Darwinian science to develop theories about heredity and good or noble birth. I, Kevlesp. The Encyclopedia of Bioethics "Eugenics" entry notes that the term has had different meanings in different eras:
My issue is not with their stated mission to advocate for social justice for people with all types of disabilities—but with their simplistic and counterproductive demonization of DNA screening tests reflected in this opinion piece. Their premise is this: Over the past decade, technological advances have led to the development of simple and inexpensive genetic screening tests that can determine whether a fetus has a genetic disorder.
If a disorder is identified—and if the laws of the state or country in which the pregnant woman resides allow—the fetus can be aborted.
This is all very much like amniocentesis, which is widely embraced around the world. Abortion is a prickly issue, contentious and personal, entangled with legal and moral standards that vary from community to community.
Lewis and Reiskin advance a moral argument as a backdoor way to promote changes in the legal landscape, and I believe they do so disingenuously. If successful, their efforts would lead to curtailments in abortion rights and limit genetic health screens.
Amniocentesis, abortion, and DNA screening Almost all communities in the United States, Europe and most other Western countries allow for the termination of pregnancies when the mother is found to be carrying a fetus with a genetic disease.
The raw truth is that prospective parents would prefer having children with no genetic defects. As the Denver Post article states, 80 to 90 percent of women who receive a positive amniocentesis test for DS choose to terminate their pregnancy.
There is already broad national support for screening fetuses to determine whether they contain genetic abnormalities: It involves inserting a needle through the uterus to withdraw fluid and fetal cells from the amniotic sac. But amniocentesis is an invasive test; some women refuse to ask for it for that reason alone.
It appears the CCDC is a responsible organization that promotes the rights of the disabled. They are good guys. Most of the people linked to CCDC have or are associated with children with one form of genetic disability or another, often DS.
The CCDC however appears to take no position on abortion—which means in effect it voices no concerns about terminating healthy pregnancies—but it wants to establish unique moral and legal rights for fetuses with genetic defects.
Their engagement is part of how democratic societies have chosen to work through this moral thicket. But positions should be based on sound science and reasoning, not on appeals to emotion and hyperbole. This is obviously technology and philosophy that the American eugenicists in the s would have embraced, along with their counterparts in Nazi Germany.
The scientists who formulated these ideas were very much mainstream, and their proposition sounded reasonable to an American and European establishment trying to come to terms with waves of ill-educated immigrants from Southeastern Europe. Scientists offered what they considered to be a progressive solution: The founder of Planned Parenthood, Margaret Sanger, along with many major Protestant and Jewish clergy were eager proponents of positive eugenics.
Those eugenic views remain a central tenet of modern society today. It was only later however, that ideologues of the far right twisted eugenics to justify Nazism and genocide.In the new social sciences, sociologists will examine the genetic component of educational attainment and wealth, while economists will envision genetic “risk scores” for spending, saving, and.
Is a new eugenics afoot? The early 20th-century eugenics movement was a product of a particular economic, social, and scientific context: a highly transitional period in American economic and industrial expansion, the advent of a new genetic paradigm, and the ideology of rational management by scientifically trained experts.
Razib, I don’t know much about genetics but is it true that these people of Melanesia are among the least related people (even more so than Europeans) to sub-saharan Africans genetically?? This. The New Eugenics "Eugenics" is a compound word from two Greek words meaning "good" and "genes." The eugenics movement began at the turn of the last century in England and the United States.
Russian Special Forces Repel a US-Planned Attack in Syria, Denounce the USA and Issue a Stark Warning. The New Eugenics in Cinema: Genetic Determinism and Gene Therapy in GATTACA. For a thirty-year span, between and , the eugenics movement captured the attention of America’s leading reformers, academicians, professionals, and political leaders, including Issues in Science and Technology 3 ():