The Euthyphro is a dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro, set outside the court-house in Athens. Socrates is attending the court having been indicted for corrupting the young with impiety. Euthyphro is attending the court in order to indict his father for the murder of a household slave. Surely one willing to bring charges against his own father must have certain knowledge of piety and impiety, Socrates reasons.
Other Works Cited 1. Key Themes of Existentialism Although a highly diverse tradition of thought, seven themes can be identified that provide some sense of overall unity. Here, these themes will be briefly introduced; they can then provide us with an intellectual framework within which to discuss exemplary figures within the history of existentialism.
Philosophy as a Way of Life Philosophy should not be thought of primarily either as an attempt to investigate and understand the self or the world, or as a special occupation that concerns only a few.
Rather, philosophy must be thought of as fully integrated within life. To be sure, there may need to be professional philosophers, who develop an elaborate set of methods and concepts Sartre makes this point frequently but life can be lived philosophically without a technical knowledge of philosophy.
Existentialist thinkers tended to identify two historical antecedents for this notion. First, the ancient Greeks, and particularly the figure of Socrates but also the Stoics and Epicureans. Socrates was not only non-professional, but in his pursuit of the good life he tended to eschew the formation of a 'system' or 'theory', and his teachings took place often in public spaces.
In this, the existentialists were hardly unusual. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the rapid expansion of industrialisation and advance in technology were often seen in terms of an alienation of the human from nature or from a properly natural way of living for example, thinkers of German and English romanticism.
The second influence on thinking of philosophy as a way of life was German Idealism after Kant. Partly as a response to the 18th century Enlightenment, and under the influence of the Neoplatonists, Schelling and Hegel both thought of philosophy as an activity that is an integral part of the history of human beings, rather than outside of life and the world, looking on.
Later in the 19th century, Marx famously criticised previous philosophy by saying that the point of philosophy is not to know things — even to know things about activity — but to change them. The concept of philosophy as a way of life manifests itself in existentialist thought in a number of ways.
Let us give several examples, to which we will return in the sections that follow. First, the existentialists often undertook a critique of modern life in terms of the specialisation of both manual and intellectual labour.
One consequence of this is that many existentialist thinkers experimented with different styles or genres of writing in order to escape the effects of this specialisation. Second, a notion that we can call 'immanence': For Kierkegaard, for example, the fundamental truths of my existence are not representations — not, that is, ideas, propositions or symbols the meaning of which can be separated from their origin.
Rather, the truths of existence are immediately lived, felt and acted.
Likewise, for Nietzsche and Heidegger, it is essential to recognise that the philosopher investigating human existence is, him or herself, an existing human. Third, the nature of life itself is a perennial existentialist concern and, more famously in Heidegger and in Camusalso the significance of death.
Anxiety and Authenticity A key idea here is that human existence is in some way 'on its own'; anxiety or anguish is the recognition of this fact. Anxiety here has two important implications. First, most generally, many existentialists tended to stress the significance of emotions or feelings, in so far as they were presumed to have a less culturally or intellectually mediated relation to one's individual and separate existence.
Among Euthyphro’s attempted analyses of piety is one that has been taken to be an unsophisticated form of divine command theory. At one point in the discussion, Euthyphro affirms that “the pious is what all the gods love, and the opposite, what all the gods hate, is the impious”. Biographical Sketch of Alexander Maclaren () Different from almost all the other famous preachers whose sermons are appearing in this series of volumes, the father of Alexander Maclaren, David, was not only a business man, but was the pastor of a church where he preached every Lord's Day. Obama’s Unconstitutional ‘Czar Power Grab’ Must Be Stopped. ObamaNation Articles. OBAMA’S UNCONSTITUTIONAL ‘CZAR POWER GRAB’ MUST BE STOPPED.
This idea is found in Kierkegaard, as we mentioned above, and in Heidegger's discussion of 'mood'; it is also one reason why existentialism had an influence on psychology.
Second, anxiety also stands for a form of existence that is recognition of being on its own. What is meant by 'being on its own' varies among philosophers. For example, it might mean the irrelevance or even negative influence of rational thought, moral values, or empirical evidence, when it comes to making fundamental decisions concerning one's existence.The point is, if you the science fiction writer postulate lots of technological advances in your novels, you must at least pay lip service to the sad fact that it will make a sizable segment of your society very angry.
Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Biographical Sketch of Alexander Maclaren () Different from almost all the other famous preachers whose sermons are appearing in this series of volumes, the father of Alexander Maclaren, David, was not only a business man, but was the pastor of a church where he preached every Lord's Day.
year-old Jack Harris (above) fought and died at Gallipoli. The family's vicar, Everard la Touche, wanted Jack to go to war. The vicar believed the war was a battle of good versus evil. -- On the Sublime and the Numinous --et De Numinosô. In horrore visionis nocturnae, quando solet sopor occupare homines, pavor tenuit me et tremor et omnia ossa mea perterrita sunt, et cum spiritus me praesente transiret, inhorruerunt pili carnis meae.
Obama’s Unconstitutional ‘Czar Power Grab’ Must Be Stopped.
ObamaNation Articles. OBAMA’S UNCONSTITUTIONAL ‘CZAR POWER GRAB’ MUST BE STOPPED.