Is affirmative action ethical essay

Select network Affirmative action policy can be a highly charged issue in contemporary society. The sample research paper, written by a Ultius writer, discusses the role of affirmative action for disabled veterans compared to other special needs groups. Introduction to affirmative action The purpose of this paper is to provide an exploration of the impact of affirmative action programs for disabled veterans versus those of non-veterans, affirmative action groups.

Is affirmative action ethical essay

On The Move With Mack Worley discusses politics, news, emergency preparedness, activism, history and other educational topics. This essay will analyze how a Utilitarian, a Deontologist, a Virtue Ethicist a Relativist and an Ethical Egoist would argue against the use of affirmative action.

A case will be made by illustrating why this practice is irrefutably unethical and discriminatory. Affirmative action is often used to give minorities an advantage when applying for jobs, colleges or other organizations.

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In some cases, extra points are given on test results and in other cases companies are financially incentivized to be racially diverse. The result of these practices enables candidates, who may be less qualified to fill a position, to be chosen in order to achieve minority quotas.

Affirmative action was enacted to push back against racism after segregation was deemed unconstitutional in order to get employers and the government to employ minorities; however, it is wrought with issues. Schuck stated in Assessing Affirmative Action: But regardless of whether such programs are constitutional or not, they are undesirable public policy, indeed perverse in practice.

Utilitarianism is known as a consequential ethical theory, which simply means that it focuses on the expected outcome of an act, rather than the morality of the act itself or the agent involved in the act.

The most basic premise of Utilitarianism is that the agent should choose the course of Is affirmative action ethical essay that will create the maximum amount of happiness or utility and reduce suffering for the maximum amount of people possible.

Research Paper on Affirmative Action - Blog | Ultius

Another way to describe this philosophy is one should choose the act that produces the best results for the greatest number of individuals while creating the least amount of harm.

As noted by Mill, Utilitarianism takes into account actions that produce the reverse of happiness, otherwise known as suffering or harm, but any harm created can be outweighed, if sufficient utility is created as a result. For example, if the life of one person were to be taken in order to save the lives of 2 or more individuals, the Utilitarian could suggest that it is the right course of action.

This is because more utility was created than harm.

The Ethics of Affirmative Action - Foundation for Economic Education

When applying the ethical theory of Utilitarianism to affirmative action, there can be many ways that a Utilitarian can approach the subject. For the purpose of this essay the focus will be on why a Utilitarian might be against the practice of affirmative action.

After analyzing the practice of affirmative action, the Utilitarian could see that more utility is created, for the greater society, when minorities are not given special or preferential treatment over the majority. The act of giving special treatment toward minorities creates more suffering or harm for more people than it helps.

The logic behind this argument is rather simple; there are more individuals in a majority than in a minority, in fact, that is their very definitions. The practice of affirmative action stands in stark contrast to the ethical theory of Utilitarianism. If anything, the Utilitarian might see more utility created when special treatment is given to a majority.

This is because more utility is created for more people than is harmed by this practice. However, a moral and just person can obviously see how unjust that practice would be. Deontology The ethical theory of Deontology asserts that there are universal laws in which a moral or just person simply should not violate.

Unlike Utilitarianism, Deontology does not look at the consequences of an action, but rather the morality of an act itself.

04/18/13 Affirmative Action Affirmative action is the implementation of policies that promote equal opportunities for everyone, regardless of their sex, race, ethnicity, or religion. Affirmative action has been a controversial issue, because some forms of affirmative action can be seen as reverse discrimination. There are various arguments for and against affirmative action%(2). Affirmative Action in College Admissions Affirmative Action has become one of the most controversial issues regarding college admissions. It is an issue that exposes profiling to its highest extent. Affirmative Action or Negative Action ; Miriam Schulman. seem a strange admission in the introduction to an article that I hope will be seen as an evenhanded exploration of the ethical issues involved. But I have come to believe that — in the affirmative action debate, at least — we cannot move forward unless we understand the justice.

In other words, the ethical theory of Deontology primarily focuses on what a rational moral agent is obligated to do I. Since if we have a moral obligation to act in a certain way, it follows that we have a reason to act in that way, this entails that a moral theory will tell us what some of our reasons for action are.

Is affirmative action ethical essay

It would violate the golden rule to discriminate against the majority and give the minority an advantage over everyone else in society. It would not follow the golden rule to discriminate against anyone, even if they are in the majority. The Deontologist would not be concerned about the consequences of eliminating the practice of affirmative action; only that discrimination is an immoral act, even if it benefits others.

The Deontologist would not consider the amount of suffering, possibly created, from eliminating the practice of affirmative action, only that the institution, itself, is morally wrong.

Additionally, the Deontologist would not be concerned with any possible consequences for themselves, such as looking bad politically or losing votes if the Deontologist is a politician.

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They would only be concerned that discrimination in all forms is immoral. With that in mind, the Deontologist could argue against affirmative action due to discriminatory practices based on race. Virtue Ethics Aristotle has been given credit for creating the theory of Virtue Ethics.

The ethical theory of Virtue Ethics is much different from other theories. Unlike Deontology, Virtue Ethics does not analyze the morality of an action. Unlike Utilitarianism and Ethical Egoism, Virtue Ethics does not analyze the consequence or outcome of an action.Affirmative Action in College Admissions Affirmative Action has become one of the most controversial issues regarding college admissions.

It is an issue that exposes profiling to its highest extent. Affirmative action is defined as “various government policies that aim to increase the proportion of African-Americans, women and other minorities in jobs and educational institutions historically dominated by white men” (“affirmative action” def.

3). “The law school’s goal was to have an entering class that would be 5 per cent. In this essay I will expose what I see as the shortcomings of the current ethical attacks on affirmative action (1), the main one being, that these attacks are devoid of proper historical context and shrouded in white male hegemony and privilege.

- Affirmative Action Affirmative action is a deliberate effort to provide full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas for women, minorities, and individuals belonging to other traditionally disadvantaged groups.

Is affirmative action ethical essay

- Affirmative Action Affirmative action is a deliberate effort to provide full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas for women, minorities, and individuals belonging to other traditionally disadvantaged groups.

Essay Affirmative Action. Affirmative action caught in tale of the two cities of Boston, Massachusetts and Denver, Colorado.

Since the late s, race and sex-based contracting preference programs in the U.S. cities have faced significant challenges in the courts (Rubin).

Ethical dilemma in Affirmative action plan – Assignment Example