Print this page Striving to be Roman The Roman invasion of Britain was arguably the most significant event ever to happen to the British Isles. It affected our language, our culture, our geography, our architecture and even the way we think. Our island has a Roman name, its capital is a Roman city and for centuries even after the Norman Conquest the language of our religion and administration was a Roman one. In the wake of the Roman occupation, every "Briton" was aware of their "Britishness".
Print this page Why Britain? Why did the Romans invade Britain in 43 AD? Their empire already extended from the Channel coast to the Caucasus, from the northern Rhineland to the Sahara. The great age of conquest had ended a few decades before. Three legions had been destroyed in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest by rebellious German tribesmen in 9 AD, and the emperor Augustus concluded that the empire was overextended and called a halt to new wars of conquest.
Britain was an afterthought. It was not about economics. Rome's rulers were already the richest men in history. Nor was it about military security. The Channel was as effective a frontier as one could wish for. Claudius needed to secure his throne. What better than a glorious military victory in Britain?
The invasion of Britain was a war of prestige.
The 'mad' emperor Caligula had been assassinated in 41 AD, and an obscure member of the imperial family, Claudius, had been elevated to the throne. The new emperor faced opposition from the Senate, Rome's House of Lords.
Claudius needed a quick political fix to secure his throne. The army was the core of the Roman state. In a few centuries, it had transformed Rome from a small city-state into the greatest empire of antiquity. Its conquests more than paid for themselves in booty, slaves and tribute.
War was highly profitable. Roman culture reflected this, valuing military achievement above all else. Roman leaders had to prove themselves first and foremost as army commanders.
And where better for Claudius to prove himself than in Britain? But revolt in Gaul modern-day France had drawn him away before he had beaten down determined British guerrilla resistance.
Britain had remained free — and mysterious, dangerous, exotic. In the popular Roman imagination, it was a place of marsh and forest, mist and drizzle, inhabited by ferocious blue-painted warriors. Here was a fine testing-ground of an emperor's fitness to rule.Macedonia and Greece.
by John Shea , pp Excellent analysis of the Macedonian-Greek conflict. It would probably be best to begin with a presentation of the Greek argument. This was only the first stage of Tacitus’ historical work. As he approached the reign of Domitian, he faced a Roman policy that, except in provincial and frontier affairs, was less coherent and predictable.
It called for sharper analysis, which he often met with bitterness, anger, and pointed irony. Queen of the Iceni tribe during the Roman occupation of Britain.
In either 60 or 61 AD Boudicca united different tribes in a Celtic revolt against Roman rule.
Leading an army of around , she succeeded in driving the Romans out of modern-day Colchester (then capital of Roman Britain), London and Verulamium (St Albans). The Roman conquest of Britain was a gradual process, beginning effectively in AD 43 under Emperor Claudius, whose general Aulus Plautius served as first governor of Roman Britain (Latin: Britannia).
Great Britain had already frequently been the target of invasions, planned and actual, by forces of the Roman Republic and Roman r-bridal.comon: Britannia. Feb 17, · Britain was a frontier province, which contained three legions for most of its chequered history.
As such, it was important.
Britain was invaded because it could further a Roman's career. This is a list of historians.. The names are grouped by order of the historical period in which they were living and producing works, which is not necessarily the same as the period in which they specialize.